Estilo indirecto - Reported Speech ( IMPRIMIR Y COLOCAR EN EL PORTAFOLIO)

El Estilo indirecto o Reported speech es una estructura que se emplea cuando queremos decir o hacer mención sobre algo que alguien ha dicho previamente.

Direct speech
(estilo directo)
Reported speech
(estilo indirecto)
"I always drink coffee". She said.
She said that she always drank coffee.
"Yo siempre bebo café." Ella dijo.
Ella dijo que ella siempre bebía café.

Para hacer mención sobre lo que alguien ha dicho usamos verbos como explain, promise, say, tell, suggest... Aunque los más utilizados son say y tell.
No es necesario cambiar el tiempo del verbo si el verbo de la oración principal está en presente. En el ejemplo anterior podríamos decir: She said that she always drink coffee.

Para introducir lo que ha dicho, usamos that aunque muchas veces se puede omitir esta palabra.

Al convertir una oración de "Direct Speech" a "Reported Speech" tenemos en cuenta que el verbo principal retrocede un tiempo verbal.

Tabla de cambios que sufre el verbo:

Direct speech
Reported speech
present simple
I am happy
I sleep
past simple
He said he was happy
He said he slept
present continuos
I am feeling happy
I am sleeping
past continuos
He said he was feeling happy
He said he was sleeping
past simple
I was happy
I slept
past perfect
He said he had been happy
He said he had slept
present perfect
I have been happy
I have slept
past perfect
He said he had been happy
He said he had slept
present perfect continuos
I have been feeling happy
I have been sleeping
past perfect continuos
He said he had been feeling happy
He said he had been sleeping
future
I will be happy
I will sleep
simple conditional
He said he would be happy
He said he would sleep
future perfect
I will have been happy
I will have sleep
simple conditional perfect
He said he would have been happy
He said he would have slept

Verbos modales

Direct speech
Reported speech
CAN
I can sleep
COULD
He said he could sleep
MAY
I may sleep
MIGHT
He said he might sleep
WILL
I will sleep
WOULD
He said he would sleep
MUST
I must sleep
HAD TO
He said he had to sleep

Cambios que pueden sufrir algunas partículas de lugar y tiempo:

now at that moment, then
tonight that night
today that day
last night the night before
this morning that morning
this week that week
next week the following week
next year the year after
here there

Reported Speech: questions

En las oraciones interrogativas usamos el mismo orden gramatical: el sujeto va después del verbo pero no es necesario usar el auxiliar "do" o "did".

Direct speech
Reported speech
"Where do Susan and Ann work? "
He asked me where Susan and Ann worked.
"¿Dónde trabajan Susan y Ann?"
Él me preguntó dónde trabajaban Mary y Tom.


ACTIVITY

Reported Speech

    CIRCLE THE RIGHT ANSWER.( IMPRIMIR Y COLOCAR EN EL PORTAFOLIO)
  1. Mary "I love chocolate."
    Jill: "Mary said (that) she ___ chocolate."
    a. loved
    b. loves
    c. loving

  2. Mary: "I went skiing."
    Jill: "Mary said (that) she ___ skiing."
    a. went
    b. had gone
    c. have gone

  3. Mary: "I will eat steak for dinner."
    Jill: "Mary said (that) she ___ eat steak for dinner."
    a. willing
    b. will
    c. would

  4. Mary: "I have been to Sydney."
    Jill: "Mary said (that) she ___ to Sydney."
    a. had been
    b. has been
    c. was being

  5. Mary: "I have had three cars."
    Jill: "Mary said (that) she ___ three cars.
    a. has
    b. has had
    c. had had

  6. Mary: "I'm going to go to Long Beach."
    Jill: "Mary said (that) she ___ going to go to Long Beach."
    a. is
    b. was
    c. went

  7. Mary: "I don't like spinach."
    Jill: "Mary said (that) she ___ like spinach."
    a. doesn't
    b. don't
    c. didn't

  8. Mary: "I have never been to London."
    Jill: "Mary said (that) she ___ never been to London."
    a. had
    b. has
    c. have

  9. Mary: "I was swimming."
    Jill: "Mary said (that) she ___ swimming.
    a. has been
    b. had been
    c. have been

  10. Mary: "I had a cat."
    Jill: Mary said (that) she had ___ a cat."
    a. have
    b. has
    c. had

  11. Mary: "I can't swim."
    Jill: "Mary said (that) she ___ swim."
    a. can't
    b. couldn't
    c. can not

  12. Mary: "I won't buy a new car."
    Jill: "Mary said (that) she ___ by a new car."
    a. won't
    b. will
    c. wouldn't

  13. Mary: "I have to do my laundry."
    Jill: "Mary said (that) she ___ to do her laundry."
    a. had
    b. has
    c. have