englishclassunefai http://englishclassunefai.lacoctelera.net es-es Tecnología clase inglés unefa the-shaker v0.1. More on http://www.the-shaker.com Traductor on line english-castellano. http://englishclassunefai.lacoctelera.net/post/2012/04/08/traductor-on-line-english-castellano 2012-04-08T13:56:00+00:00 http://www.wordreference.com

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WH QUESTIONS II http://englishclassunefai.lacoctelera.net/post/2012/04/05/wh-questions-ii 2012-04-05T21:54:09+00:00 WH Question Words

We use question words to ask certain types of questions (question word questions). We often refer to them as WH words because they include the letters WH (for example WHy, HoW).

Question Word Function Example
what asking for information about something What is your name?
  asking for repetition or confirmation What? I can't hear you.
You did what?
what...for asking for a reason, asking why What did you do that for?
when asking about time When did he leave?
where asking in or at what place or position Where do they live?
which asking about choice Which colour do you want?
who asking what or which person or people (subject) Who opened the door?
whom asking what or which person or people (object) Whom did you see?
whose asking about ownership Whose are these keys?
Whose turn is it?
why asking for reason, asking what...for Why do you say that?
why don't making a suggestion Why don't I help you?
how asking about manner How does this work?
  asking about condition or quality How was your exam?
how + adj/adv asking about extent or degree see examples below
how far distance How far is Pattaya from Bangkok?
how long length (time or space) How long will it take?
how many quantity (countable) How many cars are there?
how much quantity (uncountable) How much money do you have?
how old age How old are you?
how come (informal) asking for reason, asking why How come I can't see her?
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WH QUESTIONS I ( PALABRAS WH PARA HACER PREGUNTAS) http://englishclassunefai.lacoctelera.net/post/2012/04/05/wh-questions-i-palabras-wh-hacer-preguntas 2012-04-05T21:52:40+00:00 Curso de Inglés para Hispanohablantes

Recursos del Idioma para Estudiantes y Profesores

Questions
WH - Questions YES/NO - Questions TAG Questions EMBEDDED
WH - QUESTIONS
What ? - ¿Qué? ¿Cuál? ¿Cuáles? How often ? - ¿Con qué frecuencia?
What else? - ¿Qué más? How long ? - ¿Cuánto tiempo? ¿Qué longitud?
Which ? - ¿Qué? ¿Cuál? ¿Cuáles? How long ago? - ¿Hace cuánto tiempo?
How ? - ¿Cómo? ¿Cuán? How old ? - ¿Qué edad? ¿Cuán viejo?
How else ? - ¿De qué otra manera? How soon ? - ¿Cuán pronto?
When ? - ¿Cuándo? How big ? - ¿Qué tamaño? ¿Cuán grande?
Where ? - ¿Dónde? ¿Adónde? How far ? - ¿A qué distancia? ¿Cuán lejos?
Where else ? - ¿Dónde más? How tall ? - ¿Qué estatura? ¿Cuán alto?
Why ? - ¿Por qué? ¿Para qué? How deep ? - ¿Qué profundidad?
Who ? - ¿Quién? ¿Quienes? How early ? - ¿Cuán temprano?
Who else? - ¿Quién más? How late ? - ¿Cuán tarde?
Whom ? - ¿A quién? ¿A quiénes? How heavy ? - ¿Qué peso? ¿Cuán pesado?
Whose ? - ¿De quién? ¿De quiénes? How thick ? - ¿Qué espesor? ¿Cuán grueso?
How much ? - ¿Cuánto/a? What time ? - ¿Qué hora? ¿A qué hora?
How many ? - ¿Cuántos/as? What kind ? - ¿Qué clase ? ¿Qué tipo?

 

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REPORTED SPEECH http://englishclassunefai.lacoctelera.net/post/2012/03/30/reported-speech-4 2012-03-30T02:18:28+00:00 Direct and Reported Speech (El estilo directo y indirecto)

Cuando queremos comunicar o informar de lo que otra persona ha dicho, hay dos maneras de hacerlo: utilizando el estilo directo o el estilo indirecto.

Direct Speech (El estilo directo)

Cuando queremos informar exactamente lo que otra persona ha dicho, utilizamos el estilo directo. Con este estilo lo que la persona ha dicho se coloca entre comillas y deberá ser palabra por palabra.

  • Ejemplos:
  • I am going to London next week, she said.

    Play

    "I am going to London next week," she said.("Voy a Londres la semana que viene," ella dijo.)

  • Do you have a pen I could borrow, he asked.

    Play

    "Do you have a pen I could borrow," he asked. ("Tienes un bolígrafo que puedas prestarme," él preguntó.)

  • Alice said, I love to dance.

    Play

    Alice said, "I love to dance." (Alice dijo, "Me encanta bailar.")

  • Chris asked, Would you like to have dinner with me tomorrow night?

    Play

    Chris asked, "Would you like to have dinner with me tomorrow night?" (Chris preguntó, "Te gustaría cenar conmigo mañana por la noche?")

Reported Speech (El estilo indirecto)

El estilo indirecto, a diferencia del estilo directo, no utiliza las comillas y no necesita ser palabra por palabra. En general, cuando se usa el estilo indirecto, el tiempo verbal cambia. A continuación tienes un explicación de los cambios que sufren los tiempos verbales.

A veces se usa "that" en las frases afirmativas y negativas para introducir lo que ha dicho la otra persona. Por otro lado, en las frases interrogativas se puede usar "if" o "whether".

Direct Speech Reported Speech
Present Simple Past Simple
He's American she said.

Play

"He's American" she said.

She said he was American.

Play

She said he was American.

I'm happy to see you, Mary said.

Play

"I'm happy to see you", Mary said.

Mary said that she was happy to see me.

Play

Mary said that she was happy to see me.

He asked, Are you busy tonight?

Play

He asked, "Are you busy tonight?"

He asked me if I was busy tonight.

Play

He asked me if I was busy tonight.

Present Continuous Past Continuous
Dan is living in San Francisco, she said.

Play

"Dan is living in San Francisco," she said.

She said Dan was living in San Francisco.

Play

She said Dan was living in San Francisco.

He said, I'm making dinner.

Play

He said, "I'm making dinner"

He told me that he was making dinner.

Play

He told me that he was making dinner.

Why are you working so hard? They asked.

Play

"Why are you working so hard?" they asked.

They asked me why I was working so hard.

Play

They asked me why I was working so hard.

Past Simple Past Perfect Simple
We went to the movies last night, he said.

Play

"We went to the movies last night," he said.

He told me they had gone to the movies last night.

Play

He told me they had gone to the movies last night.

Greg said, I didn't go to work yesterday.

Play

Greg said, "I didn't go to work yesterday."

Greg said that he hadn't gone to work yesterday.

Play

Greg said that he hadn't gone to work yesterday.

Did you buy a new car? she asked.

Play

"Did you buy a new car?" she asked.

She asked me if I had bought a new car.

Play

She asked me if I had bought a new car.

Past Continuous Past Perfect Continuous
I was working late last night, Vicki said.

Play

"I was working late last night," Vicki said.

Vicki told me she'd been working last night.

Play

Vicki told me she'd been working last night.

They said, We weren't waiting long.

Play

They said, "We weren't waiting long."

They said that they hadn't been waiting long.

Play

They said that they hadn't been waiting long.

He asked, Were you sleeping when I called?

Play

He asked, "Were you sleeping when I called?"

He asked if I'd been sleeping when he called.

Play

He asked if I'd been sleeping when he called.

Present Perfect Simple Past Perfect Simple
Heather said, I've already eaten.

Play

Heather said, "I've already eaten."

Heather told me that she'd already eaten.

Play

Heather told me that she'd already eaten.

We haven't been to China, they said.

Play

"We haven't been to China," they said.

They said they hadn't been to China.

Play

They said they hadn't been to China.

Have you worked here before? I asked.

Play

"Have you worked here before?" I asked.

I asked her whether she'd worked there before.

Play

I asked her whether she'd worked there before.

Present Perfect Continuous Past Perfect Continuous
I've been studying English for two years, he said.

Play

"I've been studying English for two years," he said.

He said he'd been studying English for two years.

Play

He said he'd been studying English for two years.

Steve said, We've been dating for over a year now.

Play

Steve said, "We've been dating for over a year now."

Steve told me that they'd been dating for over a year.

Play

Steve told me that they'd been dating for over a year.

Have you been waiting long? they asked.

Play

"Have you been waiting long?" they asked.

They asked whether I'd been waiting long.

Play

They asked whether I'd been waiting long.

Past Perfect Simple Past Perfect Simple (*NO CHANGE)
I'd been to Chicago before for work, he said.

Play

"I'd been to Chicago before for work," he said.

He said that he'd been to Chicago before for work.

Play

He said that he'd been to Chicago before for work.

Past Perfect Continuous Past Perfect Continuous (*NO CHANGE)
She said, I'd been dancing for years before the accident.

Play

She said, "I'd been dancing for years before the accident."

She said she'd been dancing for years before the accident.

Play

She said she'd been dancing for years before the accident.

Nota: Cuando hablamos de algo que no ha cambiado (todavía es verdad) o que es en el futuro, no tenemos que cambiar el tiempo verbal.

  • Ejemplos:
  • I'm 30 years old, she said. She said she is 30 years old.

    Play

    "I'm 30 years old," she said. → She said she is 30 years old.

  • Dave said, Kelly is sick. Dave said Kelly is sick.

    Play

    Dave said, "Kelly is sick." → Dave said Kelly is sick.

  • We are going to Tokyo next week, they said. They said they are going to Tokyo next week.

    Play

    "We are going to Tokyo next week," they said. → They said they are going to Tokyo next week.

  • I'll cut my hair tomorrow, Nina said. Nina said she is cutting her hair tomorrow.

    Play

    "I'll cut my hair tomorrow," Nina said. → Nina said she is cutting her hair tomorrow.

Modal Verbs (Los verbos modales)

El tiempo verbal cambia en el estilo indirecto también con algunos de los verbos modales:

Direct Speech Indirect Speech
Will Would
I'll go to the movies tomorrow, John said.

Play

"I'll go to the movies tomorrow," John said.

John said he would go to the movies tomorrow.

Play

John said he would go to the movies tomorrow.

Will you help me move? she asked.

Play

"Will you help me move?" she asked.

She asked me if I would help her move.

Play

She asked me if I would help her move.

Can Could
Debra said, Allen can work tomorrow.

Play

Debra said, "Allen can work tomorrow."

Debra said Allen could work tomorrow.

Play

Debra said Allen could work tomorrow.

Can you open the window, please? he asked.

Play

"Can you open the window, please?", he asked.

He asked me if I could open the window.

Play

He asked me if I could open the window.

Must Had to
You must wear your seatbelt, mom said.

Play

"You must wear your seatbelt," mom said.

My mom said I had to wear my seatbelt.

Play

My mom said I had to wear my seatbelt.

She said, You must work tomorrow.

Play

She said, "You must work tomorrow."

She said I had to work tomorrow.

Play

She said I had to work tomorrow.

Shall Should
Shall we go to the beach today? Tom asked.

Play

"Shall we go to the beach today?" Tom asked.

Tom asked if we should go to the beach today.

Play

Tom asked if we should go to the beach today.

What shall we do tonight? she asked.

Play

"What shall we do tonight?" she asked.

She asked me what we should do tonight.

Play

She asked me what we should do tonight.

May Might/Could
Jane said, I may not be in class tomorrow.

Play

Jane said, "I may not be in class tomorrow."

Jane said she might not be in class tomorrow.

Play

Jane said she might not be in class tomorrow.

May I use the bathroom, please?

Play

"May I use the bathroom, please?" the boy asked.

The boy asked if he could use the bathroom.

Play

The boy asked if he could use the bathroom.

Nota: Con "would", "could", "should", "might" y "ought to", el tiempo no cambia.

Say vs. Tell

En español podemos traducir "say"o "tell" como "decir", pero en inglés se usan estos verbos de maneras distintas. Hay unas reglas que indican el uso de uno sobre el otro en inglés, aunque en general usamos "say" para "decir algo" y "tell" para "decir algo a alguien."

Say

Se usa "say" en el estilo directo y el indirecto. Si queremos usar "say" con un objeto personal, necesitamos usar el preposicion "to".

  • Ejemplos:
  • Estilo directo
  • I'm hungry, he said.

    Play

    "I'm hungry," he said. ("Tengo hambre," él dijo.)

  • I need your help, Glen said to Mike.

    Play

    "I need your help," Glen said to Mike. ("Necesito tu ayuda," Glen dijo a Mike.)

  • She said, Do you like to dance?

    Play

    She said, "Do you like to dance?" (Ella dijo, "¿Te gusta bailar?")

  • Estilo indirecto
  • He said he was hungry.

    Play

    He said he was hungry. (Él dijo que tenía hambre.)

  • Glen said to Mike that he needed his help.

    Play

    Glen said to Mike that he needed his help. (Glen dijo a Mike que necesitaba su ayuda.)

  • She asked me if I liked to dance.

    Play

    She asked me if I liked to dance. (Me preguntó si me gustaba bailar.)

Tell

También se puede usar "tell" con el estilo directo y el indirecto, aunque el uso con el estilo directo no es tan común. Cuando usamos "tell" necesitamos usar un objeto indirecto que va detrás del verbo.

  • Ejemplos:
  • Estilo directo
  • He told, I need your help.

    Play

    He told me, "I'm hungry." (Me dijo, "Tengo hambre.")

  • Glen told Mike, I need your help.

    Play

    Glen told Mike, "I need your help." (Glen dijo a Mike, "Necesito to ayuda.")

  • Estilo indirecto
  • He told that he was hungry.

    Play

    He told me that he was hungry. (Me dijo que tenía hambre.)

  • Glen told that he needed his help.

    Play

    Glen told Mike that he needed his help. (Glen dijo a Mike que necesitaba su ayuda.)

Otros usos de "tell":

  1. Se usa "tell" con ordenes o instrucciones.
    • Ejemplos:
    • I told him Stop complaining.

      Play

      I told him, "Stop complaining." (Le dije, "Deja de quejarte.")

    • She told us Stop complaining.

      Play

      She told us to hurry. (Nos dijo que nos diéramos prisa.)

  2. Usamos "tell" cuando damos o pedimos información.
    • Ejemplos:
    • Can you tell me your name please.

      Play

      "Can you tell me your name please." ("Díme tu nombre, por favor.")

    • You told him the address of the office?

      Play

      You told him the address of the office? (¿Le dijiste la dirección de la oficina?)

  3. Se usa "tell" con cuentos o bromas. En esto caso, se puede traducir "tell" como "contar" en español.
    • Ejemplos:
    • He told us a great story.

      Play

      He told us a great story. (Nos contó un cuento maravilloso.)

    • Tell me a joke, she said.

      Play

      "Tell me a joke," she said. ("Cuéntame un chiste," dijo ella.)

  4. Con la verdad y las mentiras, se usa "tell."
    • Ejemplos:
    • Tell me the truth, she said.

      Play

      "Tell me the truth," she said. ("Dime la verdad," dijo ella.)

    • Keith never tells lies.

      Play

      Keith never tells lies. (Keith nunca miente.)

  5. Usamos "tell" con el tiempo o la fecha.
    • Ejemplos:
    • Could you tell me the time, please? she asked.

      Play

      "Could you tell me the time, please?" she asked. ("Podrías decirme la hora, por favor?" me preguntó.)

    • Bob told me the date.

      Play

      Bob told me the date. (Bob me dijo la fecha.)

Nota: Hay otros significados de "tell" que veremos en la lección sobre los verbos frasales.

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VOZ ACTIVA Y PASIVA EN INGLÉS http://englishclassunefai.lacoctelera.net/post/2012/03/30/voz-activa-y-pasiva-ingl-s-3 2012-03-30T02:09:35+00:00

La Voz Activa y Pasiva 

Ir a Gramática >>>

Podemos enfocar la acción del verbo en el sujeto (voz activa) o en el objeto (voz pasiva).

 
Ejemplos :
 

Voz Activa : The porter carries the bags. = el portero lleva los bolsos

 

Voz Pasiva : The bags are carried by the porter. = los bolsos son llevados por el portero 

 
 

Reglas gramaticales

 
 

La voz pasiva se forma utilizando el verbo to be + el verbo principal en participio (past participle)

 

Para transformar una oración activa a pasiva tenemos en cuenta los siguientes puntos:

 
El objeto de la oración activa pasa a ser el sujeto de la pasiva
 
El verbo principal se sustituye por el auxiliar "to be", en su mismo tiempo, junto al verbo principal en participio.
 
El sujeto de la oración principal pasa a ser complemento agente de la pasiva
 
Si hacemos mención en la oración al sujeto que realiza la acción (sujeto agente), éste irá normalmente introducido por la preposición by.
 

Tabla de cambios verbales en la transformación de Voz Activa a Voz Pasiva 

 

Tomando en cuenta los puntos anteriormente mencionados, en este esquema vemos los cambios que sufre el tiempo verbal de una oración activa al ser transformada a oración pasiva.

 

Tiempo

Frase Activa

Frase pasiva

 
present I write a letter The letter is written
present continuous I'm writing a letter The letter is being written
past I wrote a letter The letter was written
past continuous I was writing a letter The letter was being written
present perfect I've written a letter The letter has been written
past perfect I had written a letter The letter had been written
future I will write a letter The letter will be written
future II I'm going to write a letter The letter is going to be written
modals I have to write a letter The letter has to be written
modals I should write a letter The letter should be written
modals I must write a letter The letter must be written
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VOZ ACTIVA Y PASIVA EN INGLÉS http://englishclassunefai.lacoctelera.net/post/2012/03/30/voz-activa-y-pasiva-ingl-s 2012-03-30T02:07:50+00:00

CARACTERISTICAS

1. Se dice que una oración está en VOZ ACTIVA cuando la significación del verbo es producida por la persona gramatical a quien aquél se refiere:
Pedro de Mendoza founded Buenos Aires.
(Pedro de Mendoza fundó Buenos Aires).

2. Se dice que una oración está en VOZ PASIVA cuando la significación del verbo es recibida por la persona gramatical a quien aquél se refiere:
Buenos Aires was founded by Pedro de Mendoza.
(Buenos Aires fue fundada por Pedro de Mendoza).

3. Se forma con el auxiliar del verbo to be y el participio pasado del verbo que se conjuga.

4. El complemento de la oración activa pasa a sujeto de la pasiva. Como en castellano, el sujeto de la activa se puede conservar como sujeto agente.

5. Cuando un verbo tiene dos complementos se pueden hacer dos estructuras de pasiva:
a) A book was sent to Tom by Mr. Smith, Un libro fue enviado a Tom por Mr. Smith.
b) Tom was sent a book by Mr. Smith (pasiva idiomática). Esta estructura no es posible en castellano. 

MODELO DE VERBO EN VOZ PASIVA
TO BE SEEN = SER VISTO

PRESENTE
I am seen, soy visto
you are seen, eres visto
he is seen, es visto
we are seen, somos vistos
you are seen, sois vistos
they are seen, son vistos

PRETERITO PERFECTO
I have been seen, he sido visto
you have been seen, has sido visto
he has been seen, ha sido visto
we have been seen, hemos sido vistos
you have been seen, habéis sido vistos
they have been seen, han sido vistos

PASADO
I was seen, fui visto
you were seen, fuiste visto
he was seen, fue visto
we were seen, fuimos vistos
you were seen, fuisteis vistos
they were seen, fueron vistos

FUTURO
I shall be seen, seré visto
you will be seen, serás visto
he will be seen, será visto
we shall be seen, seremos vistos
you will be seen, seréis vistos
they will be seen, serán vistos

PRETERITO PLUSCUAMPERFECTOI had been seen, había sido visto
CONDICIONALI should be seen, sería visto
FUTURO PERFECTO I shall have been seen, habré sido visto
CONDICIONAL PERFECTOI should have been seen, habría sido visto

 

Active voice and passive voice 

(activ vois and pasiv vois)

(voz activa y voz pasiva)

 

Voz activa = es cuando una persona realiza una acción directamente, o cuando la acción cae directamente sobre tal persona.

Ex:

He visits the park every day.

We sing a song.

Voz pasiva = es cuando una persona recibe la acción o la acción recae indirectamente en la persona.

 

Para construir la voz pasiva =  (to be + acción en pasado. P.)

Example with simple present:

Voz activa) the hunter chases the tiger.

Voz pasiva) the tiger is chased by him.

With present progressive:

Activa) he is chasing the tiger.

Pasiva) the tiger is being chased by him.

With simple past:

A) He chased the tiger.

P) the tiger was chased by him.

With past progressive:

A) He was chasing the tiger.

P) the tiger was being chased by him.

With simple future:

A) He will chase the tiger.

P) the tiger will be chased by him.

With idiomatic future:

A) He is going to chase the tiger.

P) the tiger is going to be chased by him.

With modals or auxiliary verbs:

A) I should study french.

P) french should be studied by me.

A) I must do my duties.

P) duties must be done by me.

With present perfect:

A) He has chased the tiger.

P) the tiger has been chased by him.

With past perfect:

A) He had chased the tiger.

P) the tiger had been chased by him.

Advanced 1 english practice, unit 7

"passive voice"

The active voice sentence is given to you, you have to make a passive voice sentence from each one of them:

1) the hunter chases the tiger.      ______________________________

2) he is chasing the tiger.    __________________________

3) he chased the tiger.     _________________________

4) he was chasing the tiger.     ________________________

5) He will chase the tiger.      ______________________

6) He is going to chase the tiger.    _______________________

7) I should study french.     _______________________

8) I must do my duties.      ______________________

9) He has chased the tiger.     _______________________

10) He had chased the tiger.       ________________________

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orden de los adjetivos en inglés http://englishclassunefai.lacoctelera.net/post/2012/03/30/orden-los-adjetivos-ingles 2012-03-30T01:48:06+00:00 El orden de los adjetivos descriptivos en inglés

Autor: Alexandra Vraciu  

Hay contextos, sobretodo literarios, en los que necesitamos más de un adjetivo para definir un nombre. En ese caso, tenemos que decidir en qué orden introducimos los adjetivos. Las reglas de ordenación de los adjetivos son difíciles de recordar en su totalidad, por eso es importante limitar el nombre de adjetivos descriptivos.

1. De todos los adjetivos descriptivos, e independientemente de cuantos pongamos, los primeros en la enumeración serán los que expresen una valoración del locutor, es decir su opinión sobre la persona, el objeto, el sitio etc. que se describe:

wonderful, awful, excellent, etc.

2. En segunda posición, tenemos los adjetivos que hacen referéncia al tamaño:

small, big, long, short, etc.

3. En tercera posición, están los adjetivos que describen la edad:

new, old, antique, etc.

4. En quarta posición, se encuentran los adjetivos que hacen referencia a la forma del objeto:

narrow, wide, square, round,etc.

5. En quinta posición, tenemos los adjetivos de color:

green, bluish, light blue, etc.

6. En sexta posición, hay los adjetivos que indican el origen:

Japanese, Estonian, etc.

7. En septa posición, tenemos los adjetivos que describen el material del que está hecho el objeto:

plastic, wooden, gold, paper, etc.

8. Por lo último, y en la posición más próxima al nombre, tenemos los adjetivos que indican el tipo o la finalidad del objeto:

industrial (company), picture (frame), washing (machine) etc.

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uso de adjetivos en ingles http://englishclassunefai.lacoctelera.net/post/2012/03/30/uso-adjetivos-ingles 2012-03-30T01:44:25+00:00 Usos de adjetivos en inglés - Adjectives Los adjetivos del inglés describen al nombre y suelen ir colocados delante de él, o detrás de los verbos de unión o copulativos; que en inglés se llaman "linking verbs".

John has got an old car John's car is old

Sólo tienen una forma que vale tanto para el singular como para el plural y para describir nombres masculinos, femeninos o neutros.

A continuación se muestra una lista de linking verbs con ejemplo de adjetivos entre paréntesis:

appcar (upset) be (happy) become (suspicious) come (true) fall (ill) feel (tired) get (dark) go (red) grow (old) keep (quiet) look (young) prove (difficult) remain (silent) seem (satisfied) smell (sour) sould (nice) stay (calm) taste 8sweet) turn (blue)

A veces las oreciones contienen más de un adjetivo. En este caso, suelen aparecer en este orden:

Primero los que describen opiniones subjetivas, tales como beautiful, ugly, unkind, clever, etc.

A continuación los que describen las características reales: tamaño, antigüedad, color, procedencia y material, en este orden.

The old black italian leather shoes are in the cupboard

Fíjate en que todos estos adjetivos no van separados por ninguna coma.

The + adjetivo se refiere a todo un grupo de gente que tiene una característica en común. Tiene sentido plural.

We sold candles to collect money for the blind The rich and famous often go to the French Rivera in the summer

The + una nacionalidad indica la gente de dicho país.

The English are very polite people

A veces sustantivamos el adjetivo y lo usamos como un nombre en plural.

the Italians the Russians the Germans

Hay que recordar que en inglés los adjetivos de nacionalidad siempre se escriben con mayúscula.

Para saber el grado de la cualidad descrita por el adjetivo, lo utilizamos en preguntas como How.

How big is your house? How busy are you right now? How deep is the water? How long is a football pitch?

................................................................................................................................................................................................

Presta atención a las distintas maneras en que podrás expresarte con los adjetivos en inglés. Puedes emplearlos refiriéndote al sustantivo o por intermedio del verbo, fíjate en el siguiente ejemplo:

  • Kind regards to your mother. Cordiales saludos a tu madre.
  • His mother is kind. Su madre es cordial.

Puedes usar los adjetivos en estas formas, aunque sólo algunos pueden emplearse predicativamente:

  • alone, solo.
  • afraid, atemorizado.
  • alive, vivo.

También se utilizan cuando atribuyes algo a un objeto o persona, en este caso, el adjetivo precede siempre al sustantivo, presta atención al ejemplo:

  • This is an interesting book. Este es un libro interesante.

Si se presenta el caso donde existe una sucesión de adjetivos referidos a un mismo sustantivo debes tener en cuenta lo siguiente:

a) Si pertenecen a la misma clase, debes colocar seguidamente al adjetivo que se encuentre más relacionado al sustantivo:

  • It is a very long, difficult, technical work. Es un trabajo técnico, difícil, muy extenso.

b) Considera que los adjetivos posesivos y demostrativos se colocan en primer lugar:

  • I always remember those melancholy Autumn days in París. Siempre recuerdo aquellos melancólicos días de otoño que pasé en París.
  • His last words will be remembered for ever. Sus últimas palabras serán siempre recordadas.

c) Los adjetivos que expresan cantidad se colocan después de los adjetivos demostrativos y posesivos pero antes de los calificativos:

  • Those three fine days of sun seemed to announce Spring. Aquellos tres lindos días de sol parecían anunciar la primavera.

 

 

Gramática

Cuando 2 o más adjetivos acompañan a un sustantivo el orden de su colocación es el siguiente:

1.- Adjetivos subjetivos:

Expresan una opinión personal:

 

2.- Adjetivos objetivos

Definen propiedades objetivas del sustantivo. Estos a su vez siguen el siguiente orden, si bien cabe cierta flexibilidad:

 

a) Tamaño:

 

big, small, huge, great, medium...

(excepto "little" que iría en el mismo lugar que los que expresan edad)

 

b) Aspectos generales:

 

sporty, dirty, quiet, expensive, healthy, strong...

 

c) Edad:

 

old, new, adult, young... (también "little")

 

d) Forma:

 

round, square, hexagonal, wide, narrow...

 

e) Personalidad:

 

shy, ambitious, humble, arrogant...

 

f) Color:

 

red, yellow, blue...

 

g) Material:

 

plastic, wooden, metallic, woollen...

 

h) Origen:

 

Russian, Spanish, European...

 

beautiful, ugly, nice, lovely, friendly, elegant, useful...

 

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http://englishclassunefai.lacoctelera.net/post/2012/03/30/uso-adjetivos-ingles#comentarios
Lista de Verbos Regulares http://englishclassunefai.lacoctelera.net/post/2012/03/17/lista-verbos-regulares 2012-03-17T01:29:03+00:00 Son los que forman el pasado y el participio pasado añadiendo la terminación '-ed'

I work / Yo trabajo        I worked / Yo trabajé o trabajaba

Para escuchar la pronunciación de las palabras haz 'click' sobre los iconos del altavoz (speaker). Para practicar, tras oir la expresión en español haz una pausa en tu reproductor para que puedas pronunciar el correspondiente término en inglés antes de oir la respuesta.

Haz click para escuchar Haz click para escuchar Haz click para escuchar Haz click para escuchar Haz click para escuchar Haz click para escuchar Haz click para escuchar Haz click para escuchar Haz click para escuchar

Abandon

Abandonar

Abolish

Abolir

Absolve

Absolver

Absorb

Absorber

Abuse

Injuriar

Accede

Acceder

Accelerate

Acelerar

Accent

Acentuar

Accept

Aceptar

Accuse

Acusar

Accustom

Acostumbrar

Achieve

Llevar a cabo

Acquire

Adquirir

Act

Actuar

Add

Sumar

Address

Dirigir

Admire

Admirar

Admit

Admitir

Adore

Adorar

Adorn

Adornar

Advance

Avanzar

Advertise

Anunciar

Advise

Aconsejar

Affirm

Afirmar

Agree

Acceder

Allow

Permitir

Amount

Ascender/cantidad

Amuse

Divertir

Announce

Anunciar

Annoy

Molestar

Answer

Contestar

Apologize

Excusarse

Appear

Aparecer

Appoint

Nombrar

Approach

Acercarse

Approve

Aprobar

Arrange

Arreglar

Arrive

Llegar

Ask

Preguntar

Assure

Asegurar

Astonish

Asombrar

Attack

Atacar

Attempt

Intentar

Attend

Asistir

Attract

Atraer

Avoid

Evitar

Bathe

Bañarse

Beg

Rogar, pedir

Believe

Creer

Belong

Pertenecer

Blame

Culpar

Book

Reservar

Call

Llamar

Carry

Llevar

Cash

Cobrar

Cease

Cesar

Change

Cambiar

Check

Comprobar

Claim

Reclamar

Clean

Limpiar

Clear

Aclarar, limpiar

Climb

Trepar

Close

Cerrar

Collect

Recoger

Comb

Peinar

Combine

Combinar

Command

Mandar

Commit

Cometer

Compare

Comparar

Complain

Quejarse

Compose

Componer

Conceal

Ocultar

Consider

Considerar

Consist

Consistir

Contain

Contener

Continue

Continuar

Copy

Copiar

Correct

Corregir

Cough

Toser

Count

Contar

Cover

Cubrir

Cross

Cruzar

Crown

Coronar

Cry

Gritar, llorar

Damage

Dañar

Dance

Bailar

Dawn

Amanecer

Deceive

Engañar

Decide

Decidir

Declare

Declarar

Defend

Defender

Deliver

Entregar

Desire

Desear

Despise

Despreciar

Destroy

Destruir

Detach

Separar

Develop

Desarrollar

Devote

Dedicar

Devour

Devorar

Discover

Descubrir

Dislike

Desaprobar

Disturb

Perturbar

Divide

Dividir

Drag

Arrastrar

Drop

Dejar caer

Dry

Secar

Earn

Ganar

Elect

Elegir

Employ

Emplear

Enclose

Incluir

Encourage

Animar

End

Terminar

Enjoy

Disfrutar

Enter

Entrar

Establish

Establecer

Esteem

Estimar

Evoke

Evocar

Exchange

Cambiar

Expect

Esperar

Explain

Explicar

Explode

Estallar

Expose

Exponer

Express

Expresar

Extract

Extraer

Fail

Fallar

Fear

Temer

Fetch

Ir por

Fill

Llenar

Finish

Acabar

Fish

Pescar

Fit

Ajustar

Fix

Fijar

Float

Flotar

Fold

Doblar

Follow

Seguir

Found

Fundar

Gain

Ganar

Gamble

Jugar

Gather

Recoger

Govern

Gobernar

Grant

Conceder

Greet

Saludar

Guard

Guardar

Guess

Adivinar

Handle

Manejar

Hang

Ahorcar

Happen

Suceder

Hate

Odiar

Heat

Calentar

Help

Ayudar

Hire

Alquilar

Hope

Esperar

Hunt

Cazar

Hurry

Apresurarse

Imagine

Imaginar

Imply

Implicar

Import

Importar

Impress

Impresionar

Improve

Mejorar

Include

Incluir

Increase

Aumentar

Inquire

Averiguar

Intend

Proponerse

Invent

Inventar

Invite

Invitar

Iron

Planchar

Join

Unir

Joke

Bromear

Jump

Saltar

Justify

Justificar

Kick

Cocear

Kill

Matar

Kiss

Besar

Knock

Golpear

Land

Aterrizar

Last

Durar

Laugh

Reír

Lie

Mentir

Like

Gustar

Listen

Escuchar

Live

Vivir

Look

Mirar

Love

Amar

Lower

Bajar

Maintain

Mantener

Marry

Casarse

Measure

Medir

Mend

Componer

Mention

Mencionar

Move

Mover

Name

Nombrar

Note

Notar

Notice

Notar, darse cuenta

Number

Numerar

Obey

Obedecer

Oblige

Obligar

Oblige

Obligar

Occupy

Ocupar

Offer

Ofrecer

Open

Abrir

Order

Ordenar

Organize

Organizar

Pack

Empaquetar

Paint

Pintar

Pass

Pasar

Permit

Permitir

Place

Colocar

Play

Jugar

Please

Agradar

Possess

Poseer

Practise

Practicar

Prefer

Preferir

Prepare

Preparar

Present

Presentar

Produce

Producir

Promise

Prometer

Propose

Proponer

Pull

Tirar de

Punish

Castigar

Push

Empujar

Rain

Llover

Reach

Alcanzar

Receive

Recibir

Refer

Referir

Refuse

Rehusar

Relieve

Aliviar

Remain

Permanecer

Remember

Recordar

Remind

Recordar

Remove

Quitar

Rent

Arrendar

Repair

Reparar

Repeat

Repetir

Reply

Replicar

Report

Informar

Request

Suplicar, requerir

Require

Requerir

Rest

Descansar

Return

Volver

Rush

Precipitarse

Sail

Navegar

Save

Ahorrar

Seem

Parecer

Sharpen

Afilar

Shout

Gritar

Sign

Firmar

Smile

Sonreír

Smoke

Fumar

Sound

Sonar

Start

Empezar

Stop

Parar

Study

Estudiar

Suffer

Sufrir

Suggest

Sugerir

Suppose

Suponer

Surprise

Sorprender

Talk

Hablar

Tame

Domesticar

Taste

Probar

Tire

Cansar

Touch

Tocar

Test

Probar

Thank

Agradecer

Tie

Atar

Translate

Traducir

Travel

Viajar

Trouble

Molestar

Trust

Confiar

Try

Probar

Turn

Girar

Unite

Unir

Use

Usar

Vary

Variar

Visit

Visitar

Wait

Esperar

Walk

Andar

Want

Querer

Wash

Lavar

Watch

Vigilar

Weigh

Pesar

Wish

Desear

Work

Trabajar

Worry

Preocuparse

Wound

Herir

La Mansión del Inglés. http://www.mansioningles.com
© Copyright La Mansión del Inglés C.B. - Todos los Derechos Reservados
. -

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LISTA DE VERBOS IRREGULARES http://englishclassunefai.lacoctelera.net/post/2012/03/17/lista-verbos-irregulares 2012-03-17T01:22:38+00:00 LISTA DE VERBOS IRREGULARES

 

INFINITIVO PASADO PARTICIPIO SIGNIFICADO
arise arose arisen Elevarse, surgir, originarse.
awake awoke awoken Despertar, mover, excitar.
bear bore born Soportar, sostener, tolerar.
beat beat beaten Batir,revolver, golpear, vencer.
become became become Hacerse,tornarse,convertirse en.
begin began begun Empezar, iniciar.
bend bent bent Doblar, inclinar, torcer.
bet bet bet Apostar
bind bound bound Atar, unir, enlazar.
bite bit bitten Morder.
blow blew blown Soplar
break broke broken Quebrar, partir, romper.
bring brought brought Traer, llevar, conducir.
build built built Construir, edificar.
burn burnt burnt Quemar, incendiar.
burst burst burst Romper, reventar.
buy bought bought Comprar
catch caught caught Coger, asir, atrapar.
choose chose chosen Escoger, elegir.
cling clung clung Asirse, adherirse, pegarse.
come came come Venir
cost cost cost Costar
creep crept crept Arrastrarse,deslizarse, pegarse.
cut cut cut Cortar, dividir.
deal dealt dealt Tratar, tener que referirse.
dig dug dug Cavar, ahondar.
do did done Hacer, ejecutar.
draw drew drawn Tirar, arrastrarse, atraer, dibujar.
drink drank drunk Beber
drive drove driven Impulsar, conducir, llevar, inducir.
fall fell fallen Caer, disminuir.
feed fed fed Alimentar, nutrir.
feel felt felt Sentir, percibir, tocar.
fight fought fought Pelear, combatir.
find found found Encontrar, descubrir.
find out found out found out Averiguar, investigar.
flee fled fled Escapar, huír, evitar.
fly flew flown Volar
forbid forbade forbidden Prohibir.
foresee foresaw foreseen Prever, prevenir
forget forgot forgotten Olvidar (se)
forgive forgave forgiven Perdonar
freeze froze frozen Congelar
get got got (ten) Lograr, obtener, conseguir.
give gave given Dar, conceder.
go went gone Ir (se), funcionar, resultar.
grind ground ground Moler, triturar.
grow grew grown Crecer, cultivar.
hang hung hung Colgar, Suspender.
have had had Tener, haber.
hear heard heard Oír, escuchar.
hide hid hid (den) Ocultar, encubrir.
hit hit hit Pegar, golpear, acertar.
hold held held Sostener,mantener,contener.
hurt hurt hurt Herir, dañar, lastimar.
keep kept kept Mantener,guardar,conservar.
know knew known Conocer, saber.
lay laid laid Poner, colocar.
lead led led Guiar, llevar, conducir.
lean leant leant Inclinar(se), apoyarse.
learn learnt learnt Aprender, saber.
leave left left Partir, irse, abandonar.
lend lent lent Prestar
let let let Permitir, conceder.
lie lay lain Tenderse, descansar, estar, situado.
light lit lit Alumbrar, iluminar, encender (se).
lose lost lost Perder, malgastar.
make made made Hacer, confeccionar, producir.
mean meant meant Significar,querer decir pretender.
meet met met Encontrarse, satisfacer.
melt melted molten (old) Derretir(se), fundir(se).
mistake mistook mistaken Equivocarse, comprender mal, errar
misunderstand misunderstood misunderstood Entender mal.
overcome overcame overcome Vencer, superar, sobreponerse.
pay paid paid Pagar, recompensar.
put put put Poner,colocar, exponer.
read read read Leer,descifrar, marcar.
rebuild rebuilt rebuilt Reconstruir
rid rid rid Librarse, zafarse.
ride rode ridden Rodar, tener juego, funcionar.
ring rang rung Tocar, sonar.
rise rose risen Ascender,elevarse,levantarse, surgir.
run ran run Correr, funcionar.
saw sawed sawn Cortar con sierra, aserrar.
say said said Decir, afirmar.
see saw seen Ver, observar.
seek sought sought Buscar, solicitar.
sell sold sold Vender
send sent sent Enviar
set set set Instalar, establecer, colocar, fijar.
shake shook shaken Sacudir, lanzar, agitar.
shed shed shed Derramar, esparcir, dejar caer.
shine shone shone Brillar, relumbrar, sobresalir.
shoot shot shot Disparar, emitir, lanzar.
show showed shown Mostrar, excibir, probar, demostar.
shrink shrank shrunk Encogerse, disminuir, desaparecer.
shut shut shut Cerrar, impedir, excluír.
sing sang sung Cantar
sink sank sunk Hundir, sumergir
sit sat sat Sentarse, reunirse.
sleep slept slept Dormir
slide slid slid(den) Resbalar, deslizarse, escabullirse.
smell smelt smelt Oler, percibir.
speak spoke spoken Hablar, decir.
speed sped sped Acelerar, apresurarse.
spend spent spent Gastar, consumir, emplear (tiempo).
spill spilt spilt Derramar, verter, divulgar.
spin spun spun Tornear, hilar, hacer girar.
split split split Partir, dividir, separar, reventar.
spoil spoilt spoilt Deteriorar, dañar, inutilizar.
spread spread spread Extender, esparcir, propagar.
spring sprang sprung Saltar, soltar, brotar, surgir.
stand stood stood Pararse, tolerar, estar (de pié).
steal stole stolen Robar, escabullirse.
stick stuck stuck Pegar, adherirse, prender, fijar.
stink stank stunk Oler mal, apestar.
strike struck struck Golpear, pegar, estallar.
swell swelled swollen Hinchar, inflamar, engrosar.
swim swam swum Nadar, flotar.
swing swung swung Balancera(se), hacer girar.
take took taken Tomar, llevar.
teach taught taught Enseñar
tear tore torn Romper, despedazar, rasgar.
tell told told Decir, contar, narrar.
think thought thought Pensar, creer.
throw threw thrown Lanzar, tirar, impeler, arrojar.
thrust thrust thrust Introducir con violencia, empujar, impeler
undergo underwent undergone Sufrir, experimentar, pasar por.
understand understood understood Comprender.
undertake undertook undertaken Emprender, comenzar algo.
undo undid undone Desarmar, deshacer.
wake woke woke (n) Despertar, excitar.
wear Wore worn Gastar(se), consumirse, usar.
win Won won Ganar, conquistar.
wind Wound wound Enroscar(se), serpentear, girar.
withdraw Withdrew withdrawn Retirar, retractarse, quitar.
withstand Withstood withstood Resistir, oponerse, soportar.
write Wrote written Escribir.
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