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WH QUESTIONS II

WH Question Words

We use question words to ask certain types of questions (question word questions). We often refer to them as WH words because they include the letters WH (for example WHy, HoW).

Question Word Function Example
what asking for information about something What is your name?
  asking for repetition or confirmation What? I can't hear you.
You did what?
what...for asking for a reason, asking why What did you do that for?
when asking about time When did he leave?
where asking in or at what place or position Where do they live?
which asking about choice Which colour do you want?
who asking what or which person or people (subject) Who opened the door?
whom asking what or which person or people (object) Whom did you see?
whose asking about ownership Whose are these keys?
Whose turn is it?
why asking for reason, asking what...for Why do you say that?
why don't making a suggestion Why don't I help you?
how asking about manner How does this work?
  asking about condition or quality How was your exam?
how + adj/adv asking about extent or degree see examples below
how far distance How far is Pattaya from Bangkok?
how long length (time or space) How long will it take?
how many quantity (countable) How many cars are there?
how much quantity (uncountable) How much money do you have?
how old age How old are you?
how come (informal) asking for reason, asking why How come I can't see her?

WH QUESTIONS I ( PALABRAS WH PARA HACER PREGUNTAS)

Curso de Inglés para Hispanohablantes

Recursos del Idioma para Estudiantes y Profesores

Questions
WH - Questions YES/NO - Questions TAG Questions EMBEDDED
WH - QUESTIONS
What ? - ¿Qué? ¿Cuál? ¿Cuáles? How often ? - ¿Con qué frecuencia?
What else? - ¿Qué más? How long ? - ¿Cuánto tiempo? ¿Qué longitud?
Which ? - ¿Qué? ¿Cuál? ¿Cuáles? How long ago? - ¿Hace cuánto tiempo?
How ? - ¿Cómo? ¿Cuán? How old ? - ¿Qué edad? ¿Cuán viejo?
How else ? - ¿De qué otra manera? How soon ? - ¿Cuán pronto?
When ? - ¿Cuándo? How big ? - ¿Qué tamaño? ¿Cuán grande?
Where ? - ¿Dónde? ¿Adónde? How far ? - ¿A qué distancia? ¿Cuán lejos?
Where else ? - ¿Dónde más? How tall ? - ¿Qué estatura? ¿Cuán alto?
Why ? - ¿Por qué? ¿Para qué? How deep ? - ¿Qué profundidad?
Who ? - ¿Quién? ¿Quienes? How early ? - ¿Cuán temprano?
Who else? - ¿Quién más? How late ? - ¿Cuán tarde?
Whom ? - ¿A quién? ¿A quiénes? How heavy ? - ¿Qué peso? ¿Cuán pesado?
Whose ? - ¿De quién? ¿De quiénes? How thick ? - ¿Qué espesor? ¿Cuán grueso?
How much ? - ¿Cuánto/a? What time ? - ¿Qué hora? ¿A qué hora?
How many ? - ¿Cuántos/as? What kind ? - ¿Qué clase ? ¿Qué tipo?

 

REPORTED SPEECH

Direct and Reported Speech (El estilo directo y indirecto)

Cuando queremos comunicar o informar de lo que otra persona ha dicho, hay dos maneras de hacerlo: utilizando el estilo directo o el estilo indirecto.

Direct Speech (El estilo directo)

Cuando queremos informar exactamente lo que otra persona ha dicho, utilizamos el estilo directo. Con este estilo lo que la persona ha dicho se coloca entre comillas y deberá ser palabra por palabra.

  • Ejemplos:
  • I am going to London next week, she said.

    Play

    "I am going to London next week," she said.("Voy a Londres la semana que viene," ella dijo.)

  • Do you have a pen I could borrow, he asked.

    Play

    "Do you have a pen I could borrow," he asked. ("Tienes un bolígrafo que puedas prestarme," él preguntó.)

  • Alice said, I love to dance.

    Play

    Alice said, "I love to dance." (Alice dijo, "Me encanta bailar.")

  • Chris asked, Would you like to have dinner with me tomorrow night?

    Play

    Chris asked, "Would you like to have dinner with me tomorrow night?" (Chris preguntó, "Te gustaría cenar conmigo mañana por la noche?")

Reported Speech (El estilo indirecto)

El estilo indirecto, a diferencia del estilo directo, no utiliza las comillas y no necesita ser palabra por palabra. En general, cuando se usa el estilo indirecto, el tiempo verbal cambia. A continuación tienes un explicación de los cambios que sufren los tiempos verbales.

A veces se usa "that" en las frases afirmativas y negativas para introducir lo que ha dicho la otra persona. Por otro lado, en las frases interrogativas se puede usar "if" o "whether".

Direct Speech Reported Speech
Present Simple Past Simple
He's American she said.

Play

"He's American" she said.

She said he was American.

Play

She said he was American.

I'm happy to see you, Mary said.

Play

"I'm happy to see you", Mary said.

Mary said that she was happy to see me.

Play

Mary said that she was happy to see me.

He asked, Are you busy tonight?

Play

He asked, "Are you busy tonight?"

He asked me if I was busy tonight.

Play

He asked me if I was busy tonight.

Present Continuous Past Continuous
Dan is living in San Francisco, she said.

Play

"Dan is living in San Francisco," she said.

She said Dan was living in San Francisco.

Play

She said Dan was living in San Francisco.

He said, I'm making dinner.

Play

He said, "I'm making dinner"

He told me that he was making dinner.

Play

He told me that he was making dinner.

Why are you working so hard? They asked.

Play

"Why are you working so hard?" they asked.

They asked me why I was working so hard.

Play

They asked me why I was working so hard.

Past Simple Past Perfect Simple
We went to the movies last night, he said.

Play

"We went to the movies last night," he said.

He told me they had gone to the movies last night.

Play

He told me they had gone to the movies last night.

Greg said, I didn't go to work yesterday.

Play

Greg said, "I didn't go to work yesterday."

Greg said that he hadn't gone to work yesterday.

Play

Greg said that he hadn't gone to work yesterday.

Did you buy a new car? she asked.

Play

"Did you buy a new car?" she asked.

She asked me if I had bought a new car.

Play

She asked me if I had bought a new car.

Past Continuous Past Perfect Continuous
I was working late last night, Vicki said.

Play

"I was working late last night," Vicki said.

Vicki told me she'd been working last night.

Play

Vicki told me she'd been working last night.

They said, We weren't waiting long.

Play

They said, "We weren't waiting long."

They said that they hadn't been waiting long.

Play

They said that they hadn't been waiting long.

He asked, Were you sleeping when I called?

Play

He asked, "Were you sleeping when I called?"

He asked if I'd been sleeping when he called.

Play

He asked if I'd been sleeping when he called.

Present Perfect Simple Past Perfect Simple
Heather said, I've already eaten.

Play

Heather said, "I've already eaten."

Heather told me that she'd already eaten.

Play

Heather told me that she'd already eaten.

We haven't been to China, they said.

Play

"We haven't been to China," they said.

They said they hadn't been to China.

Play

They said they hadn't been to China.

Have you worked here before? I asked.

Play

"Have you worked here before?" I asked.

I asked her whether she'd worked there before.

Play

I asked her whether she'd worked there before.

Present Perfect Continuous Past Perfect Continuous
I've been studying English for two years, he said.

Play

"I've been studying English for two years," he said.

He said he'd been studying English for two years.

Play

He said he'd been studying English for two years.

Steve said, We've been dating for over a year now.

Play

Steve said, "We've been dating for over a year now."

Steve told me that they'd been dating for over a year.

Play

Steve told me that they'd been dating for over a year.

Have you been waiting long? they asked.

Play

"Have you been waiting long?" they asked.

They asked whether I'd been waiting long.

Play

They asked whether I'd been waiting long.

Past Perfect Simple Past Perfect Simple (*NO CHANGE)
I'd been to Chicago before for work, he said.

Play

"I'd been to Chicago before for work," he said.

He said that he'd been to Chicago before for work.

Play

He said that he'd been to Chicago before for work.

Past Perfect Continuous Past Perfect Continuous (*NO CHANGE)
She said, I'd been dancing for years before the accident.

Play

She said, "I'd been dancing for years before the accident."

She said she'd been dancing for years before the accident.

Play

She said she'd been dancing for years before the accident.

Nota: Cuando hablamos de algo que no ha cambiado (todavía es verdad) o que es en el futuro, no tenemos que cambiar el tiempo verbal.

  • Ejemplos:
  • I'm 30 years old, she said. She said she is 30 years old.

    Play

    "I'm 30 years old," she said. → She said she is 30 years old.

  • Dave said, Kelly is sick. Dave said Kelly is sick.

    Play

    Dave said, "Kelly is sick." → Dave said Kelly is sick.

  • We are going to Tokyo next week, they said. They said they are going to Tokyo next week.

    Play

    "We are going to Tokyo next week," they said. → They said they are going to Tokyo next week.

  • I'll cut my hair tomorrow, Nina said. Nina said she is cutting her hair tomorrow.

    Play

    "I'll cut my hair tomorrow," Nina said. → Nina said she is cutting her hair tomorrow.

Modal Verbs (Los verbos modales)

El tiempo verbal cambia en el estilo indirecto también con algunos de los verbos modales:

Direct Speech Indirect Speech
Will Would
I'll go to the movies tomorrow, John said.

Play

"I'll go to the movies tomorrow," John said.

John said he would go to the movies tomorrow.

Play

John said he would go to the movies tomorrow.

Will you help me move? she asked.

Play

"Will you help me move?" she asked.

She asked me if I would help her move.

Play

She asked me if I would help her move.

Can Could
Debra said, Allen can work tomorrow.

Play

Debra said, "Allen can work tomorrow."

Debra said Allen could work tomorrow.

Play

Debra said Allen could work tomorrow.

Can you open the window, please? he asked.

Play

"Can you open the window, please?", he asked.

He asked me if I could open the window.

Play

He asked me if I could open the window.

Must Had to
You must wear your seatbelt, mom said.

Play

"You must wear your seatbelt," mom said.

My mom said I had to wear my seatbelt.

Play

My mom said I had to wear my seatbelt.

She said, You must work tomorrow.

Play

She said, "You must work tomorrow."

She said I had to work tomorrow.

Play

She said I had to work tomorrow.

Shall Should
Shall we go to the beach today? Tom asked.

Play

"Shall we go to the beach today?" Tom asked.

Tom asked if we should go to the beach today.

Play

Tom asked if we should go to the beach today.

What shall we do tonight? she asked.

Play

"What shall we do tonight?" she asked.

She asked me what we should do tonight.

Play

She asked me what we should do tonight.

May Might/Could
Jane said, I may not be in class tomorrow.

Play

Jane said, "I may not be in class tomorrow."

Jane said she might not be in class tomorrow.

Play

Jane said she might not be in class tomorrow.

May I use the bathroom, please?

Play

"May I use the bathroom, please?" the boy asked.

The boy asked if he could use the bathroom.

Play

The boy asked if he could use the bathroom.

Nota: Con "would", "could", "should", "might" y "ought to", el tiempo no cambia.

Say vs. Tell

En español podemos traducir "say"o "tell" como "decir", pero en inglés se usan estos verbos de maneras distintas. Hay unas reglas que indican el uso de uno sobre el otro en inglés, aunque en general usamos "say" para "decir algo" y "tell" para "decir algo a alguien."

Say

Se usa "say" en el estilo directo y el indirecto. Si queremos usar "say" con un objeto personal, necesitamos usar el preposicion "to".

  • Ejemplos:
  • Estilo directo
  • I'm hungry, he said.

    Play

    "I'm hungry," he said. ("Tengo hambre," él dijo.)

  • I need your help, Glen said to Mike.

    Play

    "I need your help," Glen said to Mike. ("Necesito tu ayuda," Glen dijo a Mike.)

  • She said, Do you like to dance?

    Play

    She said, "Do you like to dance?" (Ella dijo, "¿Te gusta bailar?")

  • Estilo indirecto
  • He said he was hungry.

    Play

    He said he was hungry. (Él dijo que tenía hambre.)

  • Glen said to Mike that he needed his help.

    Play

    Glen said to Mike that he needed his help. (Glen dijo a Mike que necesitaba su ayuda.)

  • She asked me if I liked to dance.

    Play

    She asked me if I liked to dance. (Me preguntó si me gustaba bailar.)

Tell

También se puede usar "tell" con el estilo directo y el indirecto, aunque el uso con el estilo directo no es tan común. Cuando usamos "tell" necesitamos usar un objeto indirecto que va detrás del verbo.

  • Ejemplos:
  • Estilo directo
  • He told, I need your help.

    Play

    He told me, "I'm hungry." (Me dijo, "Tengo hambre.")

  • Glen told Mike, I need your help.

    Play

    Glen told Mike, "I need your help." (Glen dijo a Mike, "Necesito to ayuda.")

  • Estilo indirecto
  • He told that he was hungry.

    Play

    He told me that he was hungry. (Me dijo que tenía hambre.)

  • Glen told that he needed his help.

    Play

    Glen told Mike that he needed his help. (Glen dijo a Mike que necesitaba su ayuda.)

Otros usos de "tell":

  1. Se usa "tell" con ordenes o instrucciones.
    • Ejemplos:
    • I told him Stop complaining.

      Play

      I told him, "Stop complaining." (Le dije, "Deja de quejarte.")

    • She told us Stop complaining.

      Play

      She told us to hurry. (Nos dijo que nos diéramos prisa.)

  2. Usamos "tell" cuando damos o pedimos información.
    • Ejemplos:
    • Can you tell me your name please.

      Play

      "Can you tell me your name please." ("Díme tu nombre, por favor.")

    • You told him the address of the office?

      Play

      You told him the address of the office? (¿Le dijiste la dirección de la oficina?)

  3. Se usa "tell" con cuentos o bromas. En esto caso, se puede traducir "tell" como "contar" en español.
    • Ejemplos:
    • He told us a great story.

      Play

      He told us a great story. (Nos contó un cuento maravilloso.)

    • Tell me a joke, she said.

      Play

      "Tell me a joke," she said. ("Cuéntame un chiste," dijo ella.)

  4. Con la verdad y las mentiras, se usa "tell."
    • Ejemplos:
    • Tell me the truth, she said.

      Play

      "Tell me the truth," she said. ("Dime la verdad," dijo ella.)

    • Keith never tells lies.

      Play

      Keith never tells lies. (Keith nunca miente.)

  5. Usamos "tell" con el tiempo o la fecha.
    • Ejemplos:
    • Could you tell me the time, please? she asked.

      Play

      "Could you tell me the time, please?" she asked. ("Podrías decirme la hora, por favor?" me preguntó.)

    • Bob told me the date.

      Play

      Bob told me the date. (Bob me dijo la fecha.)

Nota: Hay otros significados de "tell" que veremos en la lección sobre los verbos frasales.

VOZ ACTIVA Y PASIVA EN INGLÉS

La Voz Activa y Pasiva 

Ir a Gramática >>>

Podemos enfocar la acción del verbo en el sujeto (voz activa) o en el objeto (voz pasiva).

 
Ejemplos :
 

Voz Activa : The porter carries the bags. = el portero lleva los bolsos

 

Voz Pasiva : The bags are carried by the porter. = los bolsos son llevados por el portero 

 
 

Reglas gramaticales

 
 

La voz pasiva se forma utilizando el verbo to be + el verbo principal en participio (past participle)

 

Para transformar una oración activa a pasiva tenemos en cuenta los siguientes puntos:

 
El objeto de la oración activa pasa a ser el sujeto de la pasiva
 
El verbo principal se sustituye por el auxiliar "to be", en su mismo tiempo, junto al verbo principal en participio.
 
El sujeto de la oración principal pasa a ser complemento agente de la pasiva
 
Si hacemos mención en la oración al sujeto que realiza la acción (sujeto agente), éste irá normalmente introducido por la preposición by.
 

Tabla de cambios verbales en la transformación de Voz Activa a Voz Pasiva 

 

Tomando en cuenta los puntos anteriormente mencionados, en este esquema vemos los cambios que sufre el tiempo verbal de una oración activa al ser transformada a oración pasiva.

 

Tiempo

Frase Activa

Frase pasiva

 
present I write a letter The letter is written
present continuous I'm writing a letter The letter is being written
past I wrote a letter The letter was written
past continuous I was writing a letter The letter was being written
present perfect I've written a letter The letter has been written
past perfect I had written a letter The letter had been written
future I will write a letter The letter will be written
future II I'm going to write a letter The letter is going to be written
modals I have to write a letter The letter has to be written
modals I should write a letter The letter should be written
modals I must write a letter The letter must be written

VOZ ACTIVA Y PASIVA EN INGLÉS

CARACTERISTICAS

1. Se dice que una oración está en VOZ ACTIVA cuando la significación del verbo es producida por la persona gramatical a quien aquél se refiere:
Pedro de Mendoza founded Buenos Aires.
(Pedro de Mendoza fundó Buenos Aires).

2. Se dice que una oración está en VOZ PASIVA cuando la significación del verbo es recibida por la persona gramatical a quien aquél se refiere:
Buenos Aires was founded by Pedro de Mendoza.
(Buenos Aires fue fundada por Pedro de Mendoza).

3. Se forma con el auxiliar del verbo to be y el participio pasado del verbo que se conjuga.

4. El complemento de la oración activa pasa a sujeto de la pasiva. Como en castellano, el sujeto de la activa se puede conservar como sujeto agente.

5. Cuando un verbo tiene dos complementos se pueden hacer dos estructuras de pasiva:
a) A book was sent to Tom by Mr. Smith, Un libro fue enviado a Tom por Mr. Smith.
b) Tom was sent a book by Mr. Smith (pasiva idiomática). Esta estructura no es posible en castellano. 

MODELO DE VERBO EN VOZ PASIVA
TO BE SEEN = SER VISTO

PRESENTE
I am seen, soy visto
you are seen, eres visto
he is seen, es visto
we are seen, somos vistos
you are seen, sois vistos
they are seen, son vistos

PRETERITO PERFECTO
I have been seen, he sido visto
you have been seen, has sido visto
he has been seen, ha sido visto
we have been seen, hemos sido vistos
you have been seen, habéis sido vistos
they have been seen, han sido vistos

PASADO
I was seen, fui visto
you were seen, fuiste visto
he was seen, fue visto
we were seen, fuimos vistos
you were seen, fuisteis vistos
they were seen, fueron vistos

FUTURO
I shall be seen, seré visto
you will be seen, serás visto
he will be seen, será visto
we shall be seen, seremos vistos
you will be seen, seréis vistos
they will be seen, serán vistos

PRETERITO PLUSCUAMPERFECTOI had been seen, había sido visto
CONDICIONALI should be seen, sería visto
FUTURO PERFECTO I shall have been seen, habré sido visto
CONDICIONAL PERFECTOI should have been seen, habría sido visto

 

Active voice and passive voice 

(activ vois and pasiv vois)

(voz activa y voz pasiva)

 

Voz activa = es cuando una persona realiza una acción directamente, o cuando la acción cae directamente sobre tal persona.

Ex:

He visits the park every day.

We sing a song.

Voz pasiva = es cuando una persona recibe la acción o la acción recae indirectamente en la persona.

 

Para construir la voz pasiva =  (to be + acción en pasado. P.)

Example with simple present:

Voz activa) the hunter chases the tiger.

Voz pasiva) the tiger is chased by him.

With present progressive:

Activa) he is chasing the tiger.

Pasiva) the tiger is being chased by him.

With simple past:

A) He chased the tiger.

P) the tiger was chased by him.

With past progressive:

A) He was chasing the tiger.

P) the tiger was being chased by him.

With simple future:

A) He will chase the tiger.

P) the tiger will be chased by him.

With idiomatic future:

A) He is going to chase the tiger.

P) the tiger is going to be chased by him.

With modals or auxiliary verbs:

A) I should study french.

P) french should be studied by me.

A) I must do my duties.

P) duties must be done by me.

With present perfect:

A) He has chased the tiger.

P) the tiger has been chased by him.

With past perfect:

A) He had chased the tiger.

P) the tiger had been chased by him.

Advanced 1 english practice, unit 7

"passive voice"

The active voice sentence is given to you, you have to make a passive voice sentence from each one of them:

1) the hunter chases the tiger.      ______________________________

2) he is chasing the tiger.    __________________________

3) he chased the tiger.     _________________________

4) he was chasing the tiger.     ________________________

5) He will chase the tiger.      ______________________

6) He is going to chase the tiger.    _______________________

7) I should study french.     _______________________

8) I must do my duties.      ______________________

9) He has chased the tiger.     _______________________

10) He had chased the tiger.       ________________________

orden de los adjetivos en inglés

El orden de los adjetivos descriptivos en inglés

Autor: Alexandra Vraciu  

Hay contextos, sobretodo literarios, en los que necesitamos más de un adjetivo para definir un nombre. En ese caso, tenemos que decidir en qué orden introducimos los adjetivos. Las reglas de ordenación de los adjetivos son difíciles de recordar en su totalidad, por eso es importante limitar el nombre de adjetivos descriptivos.

1. De todos los adjetivos descriptivos, e independientemente de cuantos pongamos, los primeros en la enumeración serán los que expresen una valoración del locutor, es decir su opinión sobre la persona, el objeto, el sitio etc. que se describe:

wonderful, awful, excellent, etc.

2. En segunda posición, tenemos los adjetivos que hacen referéncia al tamaño:

small, big, long, short, etc.

3. En tercera posición, están los adjetivos que describen la edad:

new, old, antique, etc.

4. En quarta posición, se encuentran los adjetivos que hacen referencia a la forma del objeto:

narrow, wide, square, round,etc.

5. En quinta posición, tenemos los adjetivos de color:

green, bluish, light blue, etc.

6. En sexta posición, hay los adjetivos que indican el origen:

Japanese, Estonian, etc.

7. En septa posición, tenemos los adjetivos que describen el material del que está hecho el objeto:

plastic, wooden, gold, paper, etc.

8. Por lo último, y en la posición más próxima al nombre, tenemos los adjetivos que indican el tipo o la finalidad del objeto:

industrial (company), picture (frame), washing (machine) etc.

uso de adjetivos en ingles

Usos de adjetivos en inglés - Adjectives Los adjetivos del inglés describen al nombre y suelen ir colocados delante de él, o detrás de los verbos de unión o copulativos; que en inglés se llaman "linking verbs".

John has got an old car John's car is old

Sólo tienen una forma que vale tanto para el singular como para el plural y para describir nombres masculinos, femeninos o neutros.

A continuación se muestra una lista de linking verbs con ejemplo de adjetivos entre paréntesis:

appcar (upset) be (happy) become (suspicious) come (true) fall (ill) feel (tired) get (dark) go (red) grow (old) keep (quiet) look (young) prove (difficult) remain (silent) seem (satisfied) smell (sour) sould (nice) stay (calm) taste 8sweet) turn (blue)

A veces las oreciones contienen más de un adjetivo. En este caso, suelen aparecer en este orden:

Primero los que describen opiniones subjetivas, tales como beautiful, ugly, unkind, clever, etc.

A continuación los que describen las características reales: tamaño, antigüedad, color, procedencia y material, en este orden.

The old black italian leather shoes are in the cupboard

Fíjate en que todos estos adjetivos no van separados por ninguna coma.

The + adjetivo se refiere a todo un grupo de gente que tiene una característica en común. Tiene sentido plural.

We sold candles to collect money for the blind The rich and famous often go to the French Rivera in the summer

The + una nacionalidad indica la gente de dicho país.

The English are very polite people

A veces sustantivamos el adjetivo y lo usamos como un nombre en plural.

the Italians the Russians the Germans

Hay que recordar que en inglés los adjetivos de nacionalidad siempre se escriben con mayúscula.

Para saber el grado de la cualidad descrita por el adjetivo, lo utilizamos en preguntas como How.

How big is your house? How busy are you right now? How deep is the water? How long is a football pitch?

................................................................................................................................................................................................

Presta atención a las distintas maneras en que podrás expresarte con los adjetivos en inglés. Puedes emplearlos refiriéndote al sustantivo o por intermedio del verbo, fíjate en el siguiente ejemplo:

  • Kind regards to your mother. Cordiales saludos a tu madre.
  • His mother is kind. Su madre es cordial.

Puedes usar los adjetivos en estas formas, aunque sólo algunos pueden emplearse predicativamente:

  • alone, solo.
  • afraid, atemorizado.
  • alive, vivo.

También se utilizan cuando atribuyes algo a un objeto o persona, en este caso, el adjetivo precede siempre al sustantivo, presta atención al ejemplo:

  • This is an interesting book. Este es un libro interesante.

Si se presenta el caso donde existe una sucesión de adjetivos referidos a un mismo sustantivo debes tener en cuenta lo siguiente:

a) Si pertenecen a la misma clase, debes colocar seguidamente al adjetivo que se encuentre más relacionado al sustantivo:

  • It is a very long, difficult, technical work. Es un trabajo técnico, difícil, muy extenso.

b) Considera que los adjetivos posesivos y demostrativos se colocan en primer lugar:

  • I always remember those melancholy Autumn days in París. Siempre recuerdo aquellos melancólicos días de otoño que pasé en París.
  • His last words will be remembered for ever. Sus últimas palabras serán siempre recordadas.

c) Los adjetivos que expresan cantidad se colocan después de los adjetivos demostrativos y posesivos pero antes de los calificativos:

  • Those three fine days of sun seemed to announce Spring. Aquellos tres lindos días de sol parecían anunciar la primavera.

 

 

Gramática

Cuando 2 o más adjetivos acompañan a un sustantivo el orden de su colocación es el siguiente:

1.- Adjetivos subjetivos:

Expresan una opinión personal:

 

2.- Adjetivos objetivos

Definen propiedades objetivas del sustantivo. Estos a su vez siguen el siguiente orden, si bien cabe cierta flexibilidad:

 

a) Tamaño:

 

big, small, huge, great, medium...

(excepto "little" que iría en el mismo lugar que los que expresan edad)

 

b) Aspectos generales:

 

sporty, dirty, quiet, expensive, healthy, strong...

 

c) Edad:

 

old, new, adult, young... (también "little")

 

d) Forma:

 

round, square, hexagonal, wide, narrow...

 

e) Personalidad:

 

shy, ambitious, humble, arrogant...

 

f) Color:

 

red, yellow, blue...

 

g) Material:

 

plastic, wooden, metallic, woollen...

 

h) Origen:

 

Russian, Spanish, European...

 

beautiful, ugly, nice, lovely, friendly, elegant, useful...